by Kumar T. Vadivel, DDS,FDS RCS,MS
Sore spots, lumps or bumps in your mouth (commonly referred to as oral lesions) that appear within the mouth, can be cancerous. Oral lesions are not necessarily malignant, some are benign. You don’t know it sometimes, until a biopsy to confirm its nature. Many factors including, viral, bacterial or fungal infections may cause these oral lesions. These lesion cannot be ignored or dismissed lightly. Malignant, or cancerous, oral lesions are life threatening and early detection is the key to successful treatment. Each year, close to 40,000 Americans can be diagnosed with these dangerous oral or pharyngeal cancer. It will cause over 8,000 deaths, killing roughly 1 person per hour, 24 hours per day. Of those 40,000 newly diagnosed individuals, only slightly more than half will be alive over 5 years. This is a number which has not significantly improved in decades. The death rate for oral cancer is higher than that of cancers of other regions of the body.
Benefits and Advantage of Biopsy for early detection include:
- Definitive diagnosis can be obtained
- Stop worries of a suspected cancer
- Plan further treatment
Risk factors for Oral Cancer include (Find out your risk by calling us today):
- Cigarettes Smoking
- Cigars and Pipes Smoking
- Smokeless Tobacco (Snuff and Chewing Tobacco) Usage
- Actinic Radiation
- Viruses and Their Interactions with Oncogenes
- Immunocompetence problems
In-Office Biopsy Methods to Detect Oral Cancer include:
Brush Biopsy: Cell samples are collected by scrubbing the lesion with a brush. This technique can collect cells deep in the tissue without the need for anesthetic. Cells are sent to a lab for analysis.
Incision Biopsy: A small area of the lesion will be removed for sampling,. These tissue samples will be sent to pathologist to determine whether the lesion is cancerous or not (benign or malignant). This procedure will be done using local anesthesia (Novocaine or similar).
Excision Biopsy: Depending on the size of the lesion, the entire lesion will be removed for further investigation. This tissue will be sent to pathologist to determine whether the lesion is cancerous or not (benign or malignant). This procedure will be done using local anesthesia (Novocaine or similar).
Treatment for Oral Cancer
In the event that the cells are determined to be cancerous (malignant), you may need further evaluation and treatment. Our specialists work with a team of doctors specializing in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Ear Nose Throat procedures, Oral Cancers, Oral Medicines, and Cancer Oncology throughout the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex, TX – Call us today to detect and/or treat your problem.