by Kumar T. Vadivel, DDS,FDS RCS,MS
What Causes Gum Disease?
Periodontal, or gum disease is essentially caused by bacteria. Bacteria accumulates along with mucus and other elements, causing the production of plaque. Regular dental hygiene habits can stop plaque from building up. However, if plaque is not cleaned off because of a poor brushing habits it can harden into tartar. This hardened tartar doesn’t come off easily. It will also trap bacteria underneath it, irritating the gums. This makes them swell and look red. Gingivitis will develop and if enough time passes without treatment, periodontitis will develop. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease. When this occurs the gums recede and pull away from teeth. This creates pockets between the gums and teeth which can become infected. When bacteria that reaches into the pockets extends to the tooth root it can destroy the bone and connective tissues which hold the tooth in place.
What are Gum Grafts?
Gum grafts, or oral tissue grafts, are tiny pieces of the person’s gum tissue, or tissue from a bank, which is used to supplement damaged gum tissue in regions where they have receded. This is performed in a surgical operation. During the gum graft procedure, the small samples of gum tissue from a donor or from elsewhere inside the patient’s mouth are secured near the base of the tooth where the gum tissue is lacking. Over time, the new tissue will fuse with the existing gum tissues. This repairs the damage caused by gum disease and protects the teeth from bacteria. In order to make sure that the gums don’t become infected again it is important to employ optimal oral hygiene routines.
What is a Sinus Lift?
During a sinus lift, a person’s upper jawbone is prepared for a dental implant by using bone grafts to make the bone stronger. This makes the upper jawbone very sturdy and creates a space between the sinus and upper jawbone where the titanium post of the implant will be installed.
What is the Pinhole Gum Procedure?
The Pinhole Gum procedure is used to treat receding gums without incisions. The pinhole procedure does not require a gum graft. Instead, a pinhole needle is utilized and there will be no incision into the gums. The tissue can be shifted down with very little damage done to the gums themselves. Collagen strips are frequently employed to help stabilize the gum tissue and allow the body to heal itself and restore additional collagen.