Gum Disease Treatment & Prevention
At Implants & Gumcare, Dr. Vadivel helps patients throughout Dallas County with all their gum healthcare needs. By getting regular checkups, periodontal, or gum disease can be prevented and treated using root planing and scaling. Patients can visit locations in either Carrollton, TX or Grapevine,TX.
Gum Disease Treatment & Prevention Q & A
by Kumar T. Vadivel, DDS,FDS RCS,MS
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Gum, or periodontal disease, is a condition where damage occurs to the gums because of bacteria. Plaque forms on teeth because of this bacteria, mucus, and other particles. When it is not cleaned off with regular brushing it can harden into tartar. Tartar is very hard to get ride of and traps bacteria underneath it. These bacteria continue to grow and infect the gums. This causes swelling of the gums, known as gingivitis, and eventually periodontitis. When periodontitis develops, the gums begin to pull away from the teeth. The pockets this creates between the teeth and gums also become infected. When the bacteria then reach deep under the gums they can destroy the bone and connective tissues. Left untreated long enough, the tooth will fall out. Gum disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in America.
What are Common Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Indications of gum disease include:
- Inflammation and red gums
- Recurrent bad breath
- Tooth sensitivity
- Painful chewing
- Gums are tender or bleeding
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
How is Gum Disease Treated?
Gum disease is an infection and managing that infection is the first step. Treatment will be contingent on how badly the gums are damaged. Maintaining good oral hygiene habits at home will always be an important aspect of care. Root planing and scaling can be performed when the disease has not progressed very far. Root planing smooths any coarse spots where germs and bacteria can collect and scaling is used to scrape off the tartar from below and above the gum line. Laser therapy and pinhole gum surgery can be used to repair the damage the disease has caused to the gums. These are done when the gums have started to recede and have lost mass.