Before any treatment can be initiated, it is necessary to be tested for it. This will enable the doctor to understand which type you have, and then treatment will be based on the type.
Testing for sleep apnea involves a sleep test. This means being hooked up for роlуsоmnоgrарhу (РЅG), and to a monitor and then going to sleep for a full night. There will be several electrodes hooked up in order to measure your heart rate, breathing, pulse rate, blood oxygen levels, sleep patterns, and positions. You can get tested at a sleep lab, where you are apt to receive more thorough results.
It may be possible to be given a device to record your breathing at home. Different devices will test for different things, so the device will need to be recommended by the doctor. If you are believed to have more severe apnea or other sleep disorders, or if you have certain health conditions, such as congestive heart failure, neuromuscular diseases, etc., you should go to a lab. In some cases, more than one test may need to be given.
Health insurance will often pay for a sleep test when it is prescribed by a doctor. The test will also need to be given by a qualified and experienced sleep specialist.
In addition to being diagnosed for sleep apnea, a diagnosis will also determine the severity of it. You will be placed in a category of mild, moderate, or severe depending on the number of interrupted breathing episodes that occur in an hour.
Mild OSA: This person experiences 5 to 14 episodes of interrupted breathing within an hour.
Moderate OSA: This person experiences 15 to 30 episodes of interrupted breathing within an hour.
Severe OSA: This person experiences 30 or more episodes of interrupted breathing within an hour.