Gum disease is an infection and managing that infection is the first step. Treatment will be contingent on how badly the gums are damaged. Maintaining good oral hygiene habits at home will always be an important aspect of care.
Root planing and scaling can be performed when the disease has not progressed very far.Root planing smooths any coarse spots where germs and bacteria can collect and scaling is used to scrape off the tartar from below and above the gum line.
Laser therapy and pinhole gum surgery can be used to repair the damage the disease has caused to the gums. These are done when the gums have started to recede and have lost mass.