Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis, which is gum inflammation, is the forerunner of a more serious dental condition known as Periodontitis. However, the good news is that not all cases of gingivitis need necessarily lead to Periodontitis. Gingivitis is caused by the bacteria that are present in the plaque buildup. This often leads to inflamed gums, which can be rather painful. However, if gingivitis is ignored it often leads to Periodontitis where the inner layer of the gums as well as the bone shift from the teeth, forming pockets. These pockets attract food debris and get infected with bacteria which tend to break down the connective tissue and the bone. Periodontitis can lead to loosening of teeth and ultimately – loss of teeth.
Types of Periodontitis
- Gingivitis, which is a mild form of Periodontitis resulting in red, swollen gums that bleed, and can lead to serious forms of Periodontitis.
- Aggressive Periodontitis is another form of Periodontitis that often occurs in patients who do not have any other problems clinically. Manifests as loose teeth, bone erosion, familial aggregation.
- Chronic Periodontitis, as the name suggests, is persistent inflammation in the supporting tissues of the teeth. It can lead to bone loss and pocket formation that attracts food debris and encourages the multiplication of bacteria.
- Necrotizing Periodontal Disease is an infection characterized by necrosis the gingival tissues, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone, which can be caused by malnutrition and onset of diseases like HIV or due to immunosuppression.
Symptoms of Periodontitis
- Swollen gums that often appear puffy and red
- Color of gums turns red, dull red, or purplish
- Gums are tender to the touch and painful while eating
- Mild to severe bleeding in the gums
- Receding gums that tend to pull away from the teeth making them appear longer
- Spaces widening between the teeth
Why gums recede in Periodontitis
The recession of the gums, caused by Periodontitis, is a process where the gum that covers the lower portion of the teeth withers away or is pulled back, forming a pocket. The recession of the gums exposes more of your teeth. Gum recession in Periodontitis often starts with sensitive teeth and proceeds to gradual loss of gums and bone. It is important not to ignore gum recession at the beginning itself and visit your dentist, who will prescribe the correct medication to control the recession. Gum recession is caused by gum diseases like gingivitis, which when left untreated can lead to gum recession and Periodontitis. To learn more about gum recession visit the oral surgeon in Carrolton and grapevine, use the phone number 817-756-8578 for booking your appointment.
Treatment of Receding gums
Prevention is better than cure, and the best possible way to prevent gum recession is to maintain oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing regularly is a good way to start, though visiting your dentist periodically (once in six months) makes more sense. If you are a smoker, try kicking the habit as nicotine contributes to gum recession in a big way. Going on a healthy and well-balanced diet is another way of maintaining perfect oral hygiene and preventing receding gums. Using mouthwash regularly along with anti-plaque medication is also the right step towards treatment of receding gums. If still in doubt, contact your Periodontist in Carrolton and Grapevine who will prescribe the proper medication after a thorough dental examination. The local dentist, who is a pinhole surgery expert, knows how to pull back your gums to their original position and put the smile back on your face.
What is pinhole surgery?
Pinhole surgery is the most advanced technique that is used to restore gum health. It is slowly yet surely replacing the older method of surgical soft tissue grafting, which can be more painful and take longer to heal. Moreover, the success rate for gum recovery is far better with this revolutionary technique that lets your dentist fix the issue with minimum fuss and negligible loss of blood, and you can forget the discomfort and post-operative pain associated with soft tissue surgery.
Procedure of pinhole surgery
Pinhole surgery technique is the perfect answer to the painful “gum tissue grafting” technique that has been in use until recently. The revolutionary pinhole surgical technique involves minimum invasion, or a minimally invasive treatment procedure that helps reverse gum recession. No painful sutures or grafting is required in this procedure, which is actually a combination of traditional periodontal procedures like coronally positioned flaps and guided bone regeneration though no scalpels are used, nor are periosteal elevators and sutures. It is just a pinhole that is made by piercing the mucosa apical leading to the mucogingival junction, facilitating the insertion of specialized instruments through the pinhole to elevate the full thickness flap.
Postoperative benefits of Pinhole surgery
- It is a minimally invasive technique that is an alternative to traditional gum surgery
- Minimal or no bleeding, no pain, swelling that is present in gum surgery
- Sets right cosmetic defects in the mouth
- No sutures or incisions need to be made
- Recovery time is reduced
- A single visit can take care of multiple issues
- Postoperative recovery is fast and pain is minimal
Implants and gum care
It is great to have an implant, which is much better than a denture as it feels more like a regular natural tooth. Implants are easy and permanent, though care should be taken to make sure the tissue surrounding the implant is healthy. The best indication is pink tissue that is firm and has no signs of infection. The implant soft tissue or permucosal seal needs to be keratinized tissue so that there is no risk of pathogenic bacteria causing peri-implant disease. It is the health of the seal that indicates the success of an implant. To learn more about this revolutionary technique, use the phone number at 214-731-0123 for booking appointments.